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At this pace, the goal for equal representation in STEM will only be achieved in 2053
Women in STEM Occupations
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, "Employed persons by detailed occupation, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity," Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey, Table 11, 2020.
Many women change career within a few years, creating a leadership gap known as the "missing middle". Reasons include feeling isolated as the only woman in a company and better-paying opportunities elsewhere. The slow pace of change and lack of diversity contributes to women leaving the industry.
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Only a fraction of the workforce in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) is made up of women, with men vastly outnumbering them in most STEM fields in college. The gender gaps are particularly notable in some of the fastest-growing and highest-paid jobs of the future, such as computer science and engineering.
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Women have contributed to numerous significant discoveries and advancements in chemistry and materials science. Their research spans various subfields, including organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, materials synthesis, and nanotechnology.
There is still a pay gap in STEM industries due to gender, the highest gap is over 30%. The lower half consist of roles like biological scientists which range from 17% – 0% pay gap.
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There is still a pay gap in STEM industries due to gender, the highest gap is over 30%. The lower half consist of roles like biological scientists which range from 17% – 0% pay gap.
“Not masculine enough”
Many associate math and science more with men than women, often holding negative views of women in traditionally "masculine" roles like scientists or engineers. Research indicates that women in such fields are judged as less competent unless they achieve clear success, but even then, they may be viewed as less likable. This double standard creates challenges for women in STEM, where both competence and likability are crucial for success. The underrepresentation of women in STEM perpetuates male-dominated cultures that are unwelcoming to women and minorities.
Representation matters 👑
Girls have fewer role models to inspire their interest in these fields, seeing limited examples of female scientists and engineers in books, media and popular culture. There are even fewer Black women role models in math and science.

There are also gender stereotypes. STEM fields are often viewed as masculine, and teachers and parents often underestimate girls’ math abilities starting as early as preschool.
Female superstars
Brigitte Voi
Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
Catia Bastioli
Novamont Spa.
Jennifer Doudna
The General Hospital Corporation,the Regents Of The University Of California
Stina Ehrensvärd
Yubico Inc.
Jeri J. Ellsworth
Castar, Inc.,tilt Five, Inc
Ursula Keller
Time-bandwidth Products Ag
Cynthia Kenyon
The Regents Of The University Of California
Anne L`Huillier
Universidade Do Porto
Asha Peta-Thomson
Intelligent Textiles Limited
Leona D. Samson
Massachusetts Institute Of Technology
From women in STEM, to you
“If you haven’t failed yet, you haven’t tried anything.”
Reshma Saujani
Founder of Girls Who Code
“I didn’t learn to be quiet when I had an opinion. The reason they knew who I was is because I told them.
Ursula Burn
CEO Xerox
“Humans are allergic to change. They love to say, ‘We’ve always done it this way.’ I try to fight that. That’s why I have a clock on my wall that runs counterclockwise.”
Grace Hopper
Pioneering computer scientist
“Don’t let anyone rob you of your imagination, your creativity, or your curiosity. It’s your place in the world; it’s your life. Go on and do all you can with it, and make it the life you want to live.”
Mae Jemison
First African American woman astronaut
“I can excuse everything but boredom. Boring people don’t have to stay that way.”
Hedy Lamarr
Inventor & Actor
“What good is innovation if there’s no human impact?”
Kristina Tsvetanova
CEO/Co-Founder of BLITLAB Technology
“An ugly baby is better than no baby at all. If you wait and wait and wait for your product to be perfect before you release it out into the world, you will often never get there.”
Kathryn Minshew
Co-Founder/CEO The Muse
Learn to ask for things. Be concise, relevant and brave.”
Angie Chang
VP of Strategic Partnerships at Hackbright Academy
“Science makes people reach selflessly for truth and objectivity; it teaches people to accept reality, with wonder and admiration, not to mention the deep awe and joy that the natural order of things brings to the true scientist.”
Lise Meitner
Austrian-Swedish radioactivity and nuclear physicist
“We ignore public understanding of science at our peril.”
Eugenie Clark
The 'Shark Lady,' highlighted sharks' ecological importance
“I didn’t want to just know the names of things. I remember really wanting to know how it all worked.”
Elizabeth Blackburn
Winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
“This job is a great scientific adventure. But it's also a great human adventure. Mankind has made giant steps forward. However, what we know is really very, very little compared to what we still have to know.“
Fabiola Gianotti
Higgs Boson physicist

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